The list of the 34,361 men, women and children who perished trying to reach Europe since 1993

In recognition of World Refugee day, The Guardian, in collaboration with artist Banu Cennetoğlu, Chisenhale Gallery and Liverpool Biennial, is distributing the full UNITED ‘List of Deaths’ in its print and online edition.
Since 1993, UNITED for Intercultural Action has recorded the reported names, origins and causes of death for more than 34,000 refugees and migrants who have died whilst trying to get into Europe due to the restrictive policies of “Fortress Europe”. We reproduce the list below because refugees and migrants are not words but above all human beings: their first name, surname and the circumstances of their death never cease to remind us.


About the UNITED List of Refugee Deaths

Since 1993 UNITED has been monitoring the deadly results of the building of ‘Fortress Europe’ by making a list of the refugees and migrants, who have died in their attempt of entering the ‘Fortress’ or as a result of Europe’s immigration policies. In the period 1993-2018 at least 34.361 refugee deaths can be attributed to the ‘Fatal Policies of Fortress Europe’. Most probably 1000s more are never found.
The ‘List of Deaths’ summarises information on where, when and under which circumstances they died. On all death cases further documentation is kept in archive. The data are collected through own research, information received from the network organisations in 48 countries and from local experts, journa’s and researchers in the field of migration. Compiled in the ‘List of Deaths’ they add up to an impressive listing and a strong campaign statement: No More Deaths – Time For Change!
The UNITED ‘List of Deaths’ has become a key tool for activists, artists, researchers, and journalists dealing with the rights of asylum seekers and refugees.



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